It goes without saying that no two people are exactly alike. But when it comes to our health, these differences can have a huge impact in terms of how well we respond to different medical treatments.

Distinct variations in our genome, the complete set of our DNA, has a strong influence on our susceptibility to viruses, and can determine the success of treatments for complex conditions such as heart disease and diabetes. However, it has been difficult to know in advance which treatments will work best for each person. Despite the key to those differences being encoded in our DNA, the problem has been the sheer volume of data associated with each individual’s genome, and the ability of medical scientists to process and analyse this data in a timely manner.

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